Kerala is a land of mind blowing natural beauty and rich historical and cultural legacy. These make this small state of India as the mostly chosen tourist destination in the world. Along with fabulous places of natural wonders like Munnar, Kovalam, Varkkala etc. there are many places in Kerala that have historical importance. Many monuments, churches, temples etc. are protected in all parts of the state. One can visit many forts and museums spread across the state that depicting the history of this land. The still ongoing studies and excavations proves that Kerala has got archeological importance more than what we expect and many things are yet to unveil to surprise us. The latest of them is the treasure found at Padmanabha Swami Temple at Trivandrum. A huge flock of travelers and pilgrims are found in the district after this incident. Let us see some of the major monuments and protected places in Kerala with archeological and historical significances.

Mattancherry Palace: It is a Portuguese palace located in the Ernakulam District. It showcases the Kerala murals and the exhibits of Cochin Rajas.

Hill Palace: It is located at Thrippunithura in Ernakulam District and exhibits the royal belongings of Cochin Rajas. There is a children’s park and a deer park here. The palace was the location for many famous movies including ‘Manichitrathazhu’.

St.Angelo Fort: This fort facing the Arabian Sea was built in 1505 at Kannur District and is a must to visit place in Kerala.

Bekal Fort: It is the largest fort in Kerala and is located in Kasargodu District. The Government of India has announced this fort as a special tourism area.

Muniyara Dolmens: It is located near Marayur at Idukki District. These are burial sites of stone aged people. You can see horizontal stones supported by vertical stones at areas near Kovil Kadavu.

Edakkal Caves: These are two natural caves located at Waynad District. Inside the caves you can see pictorial writings believed to be of 6,000 BC.

Pazhassi Kudeeram: You can see the burial spot of Pazhassi Raja at Mananthavadi at Wayanad District.

Cochin Synagogue: It is also located at Mattancherry and is one of the existing Jewish Synagogues. It has a four building complex and is built near to the Mattancherry Palace.

Ezhuthupara: The cave paintings at Ezhuthupara exhibit rare wall paintings of thousands of years old. This is located at Marayoor in Idukki District inside deep forest.

Ruins of ancient granite temple: This is another attraction in Idukki District with archeological significances.

There are many more monuments in Kerala including Swami Vivekananda Monument at Kowdiar, Karumadikkuttan at Alleppy, Rock cut cave at Vizhinjam and Jain Temple at Wayanad etc. You can visit them and learn the history of Kerala in your trip.

Jyothis Mp

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